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Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology

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There are two main branches ofpsychology. Individuals can either conduct research or apply it. The former, consists of sub-branches that explore a specific portion of behavior or cognition. For example, bio-psychologists study the relationship between biology and behavior (i.e. how enzymes help modulate movement), cognitive psychologists explore how information is processed (i.e. how a cognitive bias can influence decision-making). The latter is in charge of applying said information. For example, a cognitive psychologist might work on creating tests that cannot produce cognitive biases in an individual or a clinical psychologist can provide a type of therapy that has empirical support. Nevertheless, it seems that there is a disconnection between psychologists who conduct research and those who apply it. The purpose of this essay is to focus on this separation from a clin

A comparison between medication and therapy

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Both forms of treatment seek the same result, for the patient to have a balanced mental life. However, both of them come with different pros and cons that allow the patients to decide what the best option would be for them. In the case of medication, one of them is side-effects. An example of this would be the outcome the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) obtained when they conducted a review in 2004. The results of the metanalysis suggested that, for children with major depressive disorder (MDD), antidepressants double the risk of suicide attempts (NIHM, n. d.) This is why antidepressants that are given to children have a black box as a warning signal, the black box warns parents about the worsening of other symptoms such as asocial activity and insomnia. However, this is not only limited to antidepressant medications, but rather to every form of drug therapy. An example of this is PTSD medication, which the side effects include convulsions, sudden loss of consciousness, loss of bl…